BONE LOSS, CALCIUM AND TRACE ELEMENTS
Strause, Linda and Saltman, Paul, et al, Journal of Nutrition, 1994;124:1060-1064.
"Spinal Bone Loss in Postmenopausal Women Supplemented with Calcium
and Trace Minerals"
This study evaluated the effects of calcium citrate malate at
1,000 mg of elemental calcium per day with and without the addition of
15 mg of zinc per day, manganese 5 mg per day, and copper 2.5 mg per day
on bone loss at L2 and L4 in 59 healthy, older, post-menopausal women
in a 2-year, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Changes in bone density
were -3.53% in the placebo, -1.89% with trace minerals only, -1.25% with
calcium only and a positive 1.48 with calcium plus trace minerals. Bone
loss relative to base-line values was significant in the placebo group
and not in the groups that received the trace elements alone, calcium
alone or the calcium plus trace minerals. The data suggests that
bone loss in the calcium supplemented, older postmenopausal women with
trace minerals can be completely arrested.