Green Tea Constituent (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate Inhibits Hep G2 Cell Proliferation and Induces Apoptosis through p53-Dependent and Fas-Mediated Pathways [In Process Citation]
J Biomed Sci 2003 Mar-Apr;10(2):219-27
Kuo PL; Lin CC
Graduate Institute of Natural Products, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC.
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a polyphenolic compound found in green tea. It has been reported to possess a wide range of pharmacological properties, and is one of the most promising chemopreventive agents for cancer. To provide a better understanding of the preventive effect of EGCG on liver cancer, we examined EGCG for its effect on proliferation and cell cycle progression in a human liver cancer cell line, Hep G2. The results showed that EGCG inhibited the proliferation of Hep G2 by inducing apoptosis and blocking cell cycle progression in the G1 phase. ELISA showed that EGCG significantly increased the expression of p53 and p21/WAF1 protein, and this contributed to cell cycle arrest. An enhancement in Fas/APO-1 and its two form ligands, membrane-bound Fas ligand (mFasL) and soluble Fas ligand (sFasL), as well as Bax protein, was responsible for the apoptotic effect induced by EGCG. Taken together, our study suggests that the induction of p53 and the activity of the Fas/FasL apoptotic system play major roles in the antiproliferative activity of EGCG in Hep G2 cells.